UPCOMING LAUNCHES AND LANDINGS – MORE NASA NEWS
From the FMS Global News Desk of Jeanne Hambleton NASA.GOV.
- DATELINE September 20, 2014 — 2:14 a.m. Eastern Mission: SpaceX 4 Commercial Resupply Services flight with ISS-RapidScat . Description: Launching from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., SpaceX-4 will deliver cargo and crew supplies to the International Space Station. It will also carry the ISS-RapidScat instrument, a replacement for NASA’s QuikScat Earth satellite to monitor ocean winds for climate research, weather predictions, and hurricane monitoring. More ISS-RapidScat news below.
- DATELINE: September 25, 2014 — 4:25 p.m. Eastern Mission: Expedition 41 Launch to the International Space Station. Description: Soyuz 40 will take Barry Wilmore, Elena Serova and Alexander Samokutyaev will launch on Soyuz 40 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan
SpaceX Dragon Release From Station ISS040-E-000416 (18 May 2014) — The SpaceX Dragon commercial cargo craft is pictured just prior to being released by the International Space Station’s Canadarm2 robotic arm on May 18, 2014, to allow it to head toward a splashdown in the Pacific Ocean.
Commercial Resupply Launch
DATELINE: Sep. 20, 2014 — 2:14 a.m. Eastern Mission: SpaceX 4 Commercial Resupply Services flight with ISS-RapidScat. Description: Launching from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Fla., SpaceX-4 will deliver cargo and crew supplies to the International Space Station. It will also carry the ISS-RapidScat instrument, a replacement for NASA’s QuikScat Earth satellite to monitor ocean winds for climate research, weather predictions, and hurricane monitoring.
NASA LAUNCHES NEW ERA OF EARTH SCIENCE FROM SPACE STATION
From the FMS Global News Desk of Jeanne Hambleton NASA.GOV. September 8, 2014. ISS RapidScat (2014)
Image Credit NASA
The launch of a NASA ocean winds sensor to the International Space Station (ISS) this month inaugurates a new era of Earth observation that will leverage the space station’s unique vantage point in space. Before the end of the decade, six NASA Earth science instruments will be mounted to the station to help scientists study our changing planet.
The first NASA Earth-observing instrument to be mounted on the exterior of the space station will launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida, on the next SpaceX Commercial Resupply Services flight, currently targeted for no earlier than Sept. 19. ISS-RapidScat will monitor ocean winds for climate research, weather predictions and hurricane monitoring from the space station.
The second instrument is the Cloud-Aerosol Transport System (CATS), a laser instrument that will measure clouds and the location and distribution of airborne particles such as pollution, mineral dust, smoke, and other particulates in the atmosphere. CATS will follow ISS-RapidScat on the fifth SpaceX space station resupply flight, targeted for December.
“We are seeing the space station come into its own as an Earth-observing platform,” said Julie Robinson, chief scientist for the International Space Station Program at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston.
“It has a different orbit than other Earth remote sensing platforms. It is closer to Earth, and it sees Earth at different times of day with a different schedule. That offers opportunities that complement other Earth-sensing instruments in orbit today.”
The space station-based instruments join a fleet of 17 NASA Earth-observing missions currently providing data on the dynamic and complex Earth system. ISS-RapidScat and CATS follow the February launch of the Global Precipitation Measurement Core Observatory, a joint mission with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, and the July launch of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2, making 2014 one of the busiest periods for new NASA Earth science missions in more than a decade.
Most of the agency’s free-flying, Earth-observing satellites orbit the planet over the poles at altitudes higher than 400 miles in order to gather data from all parts of the planet. Although the space station does not pass over Earth’s polar regions, its 240-mile-high orbit does offer logistical and scientific advantages.
“With the space station we do not have to build a spacecraft to gather new data — it is already there,” said Stephen Volz, associate director of flight programs in the Earth Science Division at NASA Headquarters in Washington.
“The orbit enables rare, cross-disciplinary observations when the station flies under another sensor on a satellite. Designing instruments for the space station also gives us a chance to do high-risk, high-return instruments in a relatively economical way.”
The data provided by ISS-RapidScat will support weather and marine forecasting, including tracking storms and hurricanes. The station’s orbit will allow the instrument to make repeated, regular observations over the same locations at different times of day, providing the first near-global measurements of how winds change throughout the day. ISS-RapidScat was built by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California.
CATS is a laser remote-sensing instrument, or lidar, that measures clouds and tiny aerosol particles in the atmosphere. These atmospheric components play a critical part in understanding how human activities such as pollution and fossil fuel burning contribute to climate change. CATS was built by NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
Two additional NASA Earth science instruments are scheduled to launch to the station in 2016. The Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment III (SAGE III), will measure aerosols, ozone, water vapor and other gases in the upper atmosphere to help scientists assess how the ozone layer is recovering and better understand global climate change. SAGE III was developed by NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia, and built by Ball Aerospace of Boulder, Colorado.
The Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) will detect and locate lightning over tropical and mid-latitude regions of the globe. The first LIS was launched in 1997 as part of NASA’s Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission. The sensor will monitor lightning for Earth science studies and provide cross-sensor calibration and validation with other space-borne instruments and ground-based lightning networks. LIS was developed by NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama.
In July, NASA selected proposals for two new instruments that will observe changes in global vegetation from the space station, giving scientists new ways to observe how forests and ecosystems are affected by changes in climate and land use change. Both sensors will be completed before the end of the decade.
The Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) will use a laser-based system to study forest canopy structure in a range of ecosystems, from the tropics to the high northern latitudes. The observations will help scientists better understand the changes in carbon storage within forests from both human activities and natural climate variations. GEDI is managed by scientists at the University of Maryland, College Park.
The ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) is a high-resolution multiple wavelength thermal imaging spectrometer that will study water use and water stress in vegetation. Measurements of the loss of water from growing leaves and evaporation from the soil will help reveal how ecosystems change with climate and provide a critical link between the water cycle and plant health in both natural and agricultural ecosystems. ECOSTRESS is managed by JPL.
The space station provides several capabilities useful to both instruments. The space station orbit provides more observation time of forests and vegetation over temperate land masses than possible with the polar orbit commonly used for other types of Earth observations. The GEDI laser requires significant power resources, which the space station can provide.
NASA monitors Earth’s vital signs from land, air and space with a fleet of satellites and ambitious airborne and ground-based observation campaigns. NASA develops new ways to observe and study Earth’s interconnected natural systems with long-term data records and computer analysis tools to better see how our planet is changing. The agency shares this unique knowledge with the global community and works with institutions in the United States and around the world that contribute to understanding and protecting our home planet.
NASA TELEVISION COVERAGE SET FOR NEXT SPACE STATION CREW LAUNCH FOR SEPTEMBER 25 (THURSDAY) LAUNCH
From the FMS Global News Desk of Jeanne Hambleton NASA.GOV. September 18 2014
NASA Television will provide extensive coverage of the Sept. 25 launch from Kazakhstan of three crew members of Expedition 41/42, as they begin their planned six-hour journey to the International Space Station. NASA Television coverage will start at 3:30 p.m. EDT and will include video of the pre-launch activities leading up to spacecraft boarding.
Barry “Butch” Wilmore of NASA and Alexander Samokutyaev and Elena Serova of the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) will launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome at 4:25 p.m. EDT Thursday, Sept. 25 (2:25 a.m. Friday, Sept. 26, in Baikonur).
Serova, a flight engineer, will become the fourth Russian woman to fly in space and the first Russian woman to live and work on the station.
Wilmore and Serova are flight engineers, and Samokutyaev commands the Soyuz TMA-14M spacecraft, which will rendezvous with the space station and dock after four orbits of the Earth. Docking to the Poisk module of the Russian segment of the station will take place at 10:16 p.m. NASA TV coverage of docking will begin at 9:45 p.m.
Around 11:55 p.m., hatches between the Soyuz and the station will be opened. Expedition 41 Commander Max Suraev of Roscosmos, as well as Flight Engineers Reid Wiseman of NASA and Alexander Gerst of the European Space Agency, will greet Wilmore, Samokutyaev and Serova. Hatch opening coverage begins on NASA TV at 11:30 p.m.
Wilmore, Samokutyaev and Serova will remain aboard the station until mid-March 2015. Suraev, Wiseman and Gerst, who have been aboard since May 29, will return to Earth in early November, leaving Wilmore as the commander of Expedition 42.
For the full schedule of pre-launch, launch and docking coverage, visit: http://www.nasa.gov/nasatv
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