Newton JL, Okonkwo O, Sutcliffe K, Seth A, Shin J, Jones DE.
From the Fatigue Interest group and Liver Research Group, Institute for Cellular Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, UK.
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is common and its cause is unknown. AIM: To study the prevalence of autonomic dysfunction in CFS, and to develop diagnostic criteria. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with independent derivation and validation phases.
METHODS: Symptoms of autonomic dysfunction were assessed using the Composite Autonomic Symptom Scale (COMPASS). Fatigue was assessed using the Fatigue Impact Scale (FIS). Subjects were studied in two groups: phase 1 (derivation phase), 40 CFS patients and 40 age- and sex-matched controls; phase 2 (validation phase), 30 CFS patients, 37 normal controls and 60 patients with primary biliary cirrhosis.
RESULTS: Symptoms of autonomic dysfunction were strongly and reproducibly associated with the presence of CFS or primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), and correlated with severity of fatigue. Total COMPASS score >32.5 was identified in phase 1 as a diagnostic criterion for autonomic dysfunction in CFS patients, and was shown in phase 2 to have a positive predictive value of 0.96 (95%CI 0.86-0.99) and a negative predictive value of 0.84 (0.70-0.93) for the diagnosis of CFS.
DISCUSSION: Autonomic dysfunction is strongly associated with fatigue in some, but not all, CFS and PBC patients. We postulate the existence of a ‘cross-cutting’ aetiological process of dysautonomia-associated fatigue (DAF). COMPASS >32.5 is a valid diagnostic criterion for autonomic dysfunction in CFS and PBC, and can be used to identify patients for targeted intervention studies.
PMID: 17617647 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
1: QJM. 2007 Jul 7; [Epub ahead of print]